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10 Fun and Educational Chemistry Experiments for Kids

1 minute read

Before conducting any of these experiments, remember to prioritize safety. Always supervise children during experiments, wear appropriate safety gear, and conduct experiments in a well-ventilated area. Now, let's dive into some exciting chemistry experiments for kids!

1. Magic Milk


  • A shallow dish

  • Milk (full-fat)

  • Food coloring

  • Dish soap

  • Cotton swabs


  1. Fill the dish with milk.

  2. Add drops of different colors of food coloring over the milk, spreading them out.

  3. Coat a cotton swab with dish soap, and gently touch the surface of the milk, and see what happens.

Explanation: Soap disrupts the surface tension of milk, causing fat molecules to scatter, along with the food coloring that binds to the fat. This experiment illustrates concepts of surface tension and hydrophobic interactions.

2. Baking Soda and Vinegar Volcano


  • Baking soda

  • White vinegar

  • Dish soap

  • Water

  • Container

  • Red food coloring

  • Craft supplies for volcano decoration (optional)


  1. Add 1-2 tablespoons of baking soda into the container.

  2. In a separate bowl, mix water with a few drops of food coloring and dish soap, and add the mixture to the container.

  3. Optional: decorate the container to resemble a volcano.

  4. Pur vinegar into the container and watch the eruption.

Explanation: When vinegar is added to baking soda, a chemical reaction occurs, producing carbon dioxide gas. This gas creates bubbles and builds pressure inside the volcano, causing an eruption. The addition of dish soap and food coloring enhances the visual effect, making it look like lava flowing down. the volcano.

3. Invisible Ink


  • Lemon juice

  • White paper

  • Cotton swab

  • Heat source (iron)


  1. Dip a cotton swab in lemon juice.

  2. Use the lemon juice-soaked swab to write a message on white paper.

  3. Allow the lemon juice to dry completely.

  4. To reveal the invisible message, expose the paper to heat by carefully ironing it on a low setting.

Explanation: Lemon juice, when heated, undergoes oxidation and turns brown, which reveals the invisible message. This experiment introduces chemical reactions and catalysts.

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4. Rainbow in a Jar


  • A tall, clear glass or jar

  • Honey

  • Light corn syrup

  • Dishwashing soap

  • Water

  • Vegetable oil

  • Rubbing alcohol

  • Food coloring


  1. Carefully layer each of the liquids with different colors in the glass, starting with the heaviest (honey) and ending with the lightest (rubbing alcohol).

  2. Observe the beautiful rainbow of colors in the jar.

Explanation: This chemistry experiment demonstrates the concept of density and the fact that different liquids have different densities.

5. Slime Making


  • White school glue

  • Borax (sodium borate)

  • Water

  • Food coloring (optional)


  1. Mix 1/2 cup of white school glue with 1/2 cup of water.

  2. In a separate container, dissolve 1 teaspoon of Borax in 1/2 cup of water.

  3. Slowly pour the Borax solution into the glue mixture while stirring.

  4. Knead the slime until it reaches the desired consistency.

  5. Add food coloring if you want colored slime.

Explanation: This science experiment introduces polymer chemistry and the formation of a non-Newtonian fluid.

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6. Dancing Raisins


  • Clear carbonated soda (e.g., club soda or lemon-lime soda)

  • Raisins


  1. Drop a few raisins into a glass of carbonated soda.

  2. Observe the raisins "dance" as they float up and down.

Explanation: The carbon dioxide gas bubbles adhere to the raisins, making them buoyant. When the bubbles pop at the surface, the raisins sink, creating a continuous dancing effect.

7. Fireworks in a Jar


  • Clear glass or jar

  • Vegetable oil

  • Water

  • Food coloring

  • Alka-Seltzer tablets


  1. Fill the jar two-thirds full with water.

  2. Pour a layer of vegetable oil on top of the water.

  3. Add a few drops of food coloring to the oil.

  4. Drop a crushed Alka-Seltzer tablet into the jar.

Explanation: The Alka-Seltzer reacts with the water, creating bubbles that carry the colored droplets to the surface. The chemical reaction mimics the appearance of a miniature fireworks display.

8. Lemon Battery


  • Lemon

  • Copper coin (e.g., a penny)

  • Galvanized nail (zinc-coated)

  • LED bulb


  1. Insert the copper coin and the galvanized nail into the lemon, without touching each other.

  2. Attach the LED bulb to the exposed ends of the coin and nail.

Explanation: The lemon acts as an electrolyte, allowing electrons to flow from the copper to the zinc-coated nail, powering the LED bulb. This experiment demonstrates the basic principles of electricity generation.

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9. Color-Changing Chemistry


  • Red cabbage

  • Boiling water

  • Various household substances (e.g., vinegar, baking soda, lemon juice, soap)


  1. Boil red cabbage to create a cabbage juice indicator (purple liquid).

  2. Add small amounts of the indicator to different substances and observe color changes.

Explanation: Red cabbage juice is a natural pH indicator that changes color based on the acidity or alkalinity of the substances tested. It's This kitchen chemistry experiment is a simple way to introduce the concept of pH to kids.

10. Gummy Bear Osmosis


  • Gummy bears

  • Water

  • Saltwater

  • Bowls or cups


  1. Place a gummy bear in a bowl of plain water and another in a bowl of saltwater.

  2. Observe and compare the changes in size and texture of the gummy bears over time.

Explanation: This experiment demonstrates the concept of osmosis as water moves in or out of the gummy bears, causing changes in their size and texture.

These easy chemistry experiments for kids are not only entertaining but also educational. They provide hands-on opportunities for young scientists to learn about basic chemical reactions and concepts. Encourage your child's natural curiosity by trying these experiments and fostering a love for science in a fun and engaging way. Always prioritize safety and enjoy the journey of discovery together!