American High SchoolClass of 2023Fremont, California
AboutHello! My name is Shrinithi, and my project is on the prevalence of childhood myopia in East Asia and India. As I have experienced growing up with high myopia, I am very interested in studying myopia and treatment methods to slow the progression of the condition. I aspire to become an optometrist in the future!
- "A Comparative Study of the Prevalence of Myopia and the Use of Overnight Orthokeratology and Low-dose Atropine for Children in East Asia and India" with mentor Mai (Sept. 1, 2022)
A Comparative Study of the Prevalence of Myopia and the Use of Overnight Orthokeratology and Low-dose Atropine for Children in East Asia and India
Started Apr. 28, 2022
Abstract or project description
Myopia is recognized as a "major twenty-first-century public health problem," projected to affect 50% of the world's population by 2050." (Wang et al., 2020). High myopia is associated with a higher risk of sight-threatening diseases such as glaucoma and retinal detachment. It is a condition that has been increasing worldwide, especially in East Asia, where myopia rates are greater than 80% in middle and high school students (Wang et al., 2020). Myopia is more widespread in the younger generations living in urbanized Asian societies than in their Western counterparts, suggesting that the "epidemic of myopia in Asia" may be a "recent generational phenomenon" (Saw et al., 2014). This literature review summarizes pre-existing data and studies examining the prevalence of myopia and factors contributing to myopia progression in China, Japan, and India—among the countries most widely affected. As factors such as genetics, education, and diet vary between cities, regions, and countries, analyzing these variations can provide insight into strategies to prevent the growth of myopia and provide eye care accessibility to children at risk of myopia.