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Polygence Scholar2023
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Sang Lee

Class of 2023Hoengseong-gun, Gang-won



  • "Applying Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development to the Korean K-12 Education System" with mentor Nelson (Oct. 20, 2023)

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Applying Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development to the Korean K-12 Education System

Started July 17, 2023

Abstract or project description

Kohlberg's Theory of Cognitive Development is a foundational aspect of this study. Kohlberg delineates moral reasoning stages from infancy to adulthood, structured into pre-conventional, conventional, and post-conventional categories. Notably, individuals within the Conventional Stage base moral judgments on social norms and expectations, adapting their actions to societal roles. Kohlberg suggests these stages align with elementary school students aged eight to thirteen. The interplay between morality and happiness is another central theme of this study. Stoicism correlates moral judgment with happiness, emphasizing inner peace and self-control through morally upright conduct. In parallel, Epicurism ties morality and happiness to personal satisfaction, weighing the balance between pleasure and harm. Previous research indicates a significant correlation between infant moral judgment and happiness, excluding interpersonal relationships. The research methodology involves an implementation plan grounded in social science principles. Earlier studies have revealed a high correlation between morality and happiness among high school students. Additionally, exploring the relationship between personality education and happiness for middle school students underscores the moderating effect of personality on the stress-happiness relationship. In summary, this research aims to provide insight into the cultural adaptation of psychological theories within the Korean context, particularly those relating to moral education and happiness. The findings are expected to contribute to a more comprehensive understanding of psychological dynamics across diverse cultural settings.