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How Gender and Race Affect the Prognosis of Breast and Pancreatic Cancer Patients

Project by Polygence alum Nishani

How Gender and Race Affect the Prognosis of Breast and Pancreatic Cancer Patients

Project's result

Polygence Symposium 2023

They started it from zero. Are you ready to level up with us?


Cancer is a unique but complex group of diseases that affect millions of people every year. While some cancers are more common but easily treatable, others are less common but far more detrimental. Breast cancer affects over two million women worldwide every year. The five year survival rate for localized breast cancer is around 99%, which decreases with advance stages. However, pancreatic cancer affects a little less than half a million people worldwide, but it accounts for 7% of cancer deaths and has a five year survival rate of only 11%. Despite tissue differences these cancers still have a large gap between the number of people affected by them and their mortality rates, but the contributing factors are still not understood completely. Two factors that are known to affect various cancers are gender and race, which may play a role in the differences between breast and pancreatic cancer. Here we review the impact of gender and race on the prevalance and prognosis of breast and pancreatic cancer to understand how these factors play a cancer specific role in the overall lives of patients.



Polygence mentor

Industry expert


Biology, Medicine


biology, cancer, genetics, physiology, endocrinology




Mira Loma High School

Graduation Year


About my mentor

“My mentor was very helpful anytime that I needed him. This was a very new experience for me so he helped assist me, answered my questions, and taught me more about the subject that I was writing about which gave me a lot more insight. He always answered me when I was in need of help and he worked around my schedule which was nice.”