Factors Behind Unfavorable Outcomes For Farmers: Evidence From India

Project by Polygence alum Anant

Factors Behind Unfavorable Outcomes For Farmers: Evidence From India

Project's result

  1. Pending Publication in IJHSR, 2. Presented at the Symposium of Rising Scholars, 3. Enabled me to secure a selective internship in an agriculture microfinancing and supply chain optimization firm (3 of 50 applicants selected), 4. Helped in refining a food distribution service I am operating, 5. Helped in my admission to the Harvard Food Systems and Social Justice Summer Program (4 University Credits)

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Agriculture is India’s backbone. The sector employs 44% of the total Indian workforce and contributes 15-18% of the GDP. However, output is inefficient, and farmers are struggling. This empirical paper identifies the factors contributing to pitfalls in rural Indian agriculture, investigates the comparative significance of each factor, and evaluates how each of them differently impacts rich and poor farmers. This research is a qualitative study, where 12 farmers from 2 regions within the state of Madhya Pradesh were interviewed using an identical questionnaire. A standard code was created to categorize and analyze their responses. The study finds that land fragmentation and price volatility were the most significant issues for poor farmers and that low mechanization and capital usage is a universal problem across all farmers contributing to low efficiency. Economies of scale is the key differentiating factor between rich and poor farmers. Further, while the government has introduced schemes to address the aforementioned issues, the participation rate within them is inconsistent between regions, and the schemes suffer from inconsistent and untimely provision of benefits that ultimately restrain their potential.



Polygence mentor

MD Doctor of Medicine


Medicine, Biology, Business


Increasing Value in Healthcare, Health Innovation, Public Speaking, Medicine, Health Disparities, Molecular Biology




Graduation Year


Project review

“My mentor was exceptionally experienced and knowledgeable. The program interface was intuitive and easy to navigate.”

About my mentor

“Michael is absolutely brilliant. He brings a wealth of experience, knowledge, and passion to every meeting and helped me every step of the way. His prior experience in conducting academic research acts as a valuable guide, and his enthusiasm makes the research process a truly enjoyable and interactive experience. I could not have hoped for a better mentor.”