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A Review Of Colorectal Cancer Formation, Metastasis And Gene-therapy Treatment

Project by Polygence alum Maham

A Review Of Colorectal Cancer Formation, Metastasis And Gene-therapy Treatment

Project's result

Review Paper

They started it from zero. Are you ready to level up with us?


There have been an estimated 20 million new diagnoses and 10 million deaths reported from cancer globally in 2023 (1) and overall, the lifetime risk of developing colorectal cancer is about 1 in 23 for men and 1 in 26 for women. The cancer burden will increase by approximately 60% over the next two decades, further straining health systems, people and communities (1). Colon cancer starts when normal cells that line the colon begin to grow and change uncontrollably which happens through DNA damage accumulation from mutations in tumor suppressor genes and failure to regulate cell cycle checkpoints. In this review, the role of the DNA damage and cell cycle checkpoints in cancer, colon cancer cell formation, and gene-therapy related treatment methods will be discussed. The purpose of this review is to educate people about colon cancer and be a resource for relatives of colorectal cancer patients to learn more about what their loved ones are going through.



Polygence mentor

PhD Doctor of Philosophy candidate


Chemistry, Medicine, Biology


Cancer Biology, Biochemistry, Structural Biology, and Cell culture




Hello, my name is Maham Talha. I did research this year through polygence with the help of my mentor ‘Carly‘. My research is called “A Review Of Colorectal Cancer Formation, Metastasis And Gene-therapy Treatment” I have always been curious on the subject of cancer. Since 8th grade, I have led campaigns and created awareness on the matter. Consequently, got selected as the student ambassador at Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital in Pakistan. This has motivated me to further dive deep and explore the topic.

Graduation Year


Project review

“The mentorship was really helpful. I like the opportunities and advice on the blog Polygence gives along side the research work activity. ”

About my mentor

“Extremely helpful. She explained concepts to me in Cancer, helped me form the research paper and also gave me tips about life. She was genuinely what is called a "mentor". ”